2017 Research Achievement Awards
The Carleton University Research Achievement Awards are administered by the Office of the Vice-President (Research and International). The purpose of these awards is to recognize outstanding research achievements. The awards were established in 1989 to enhance the quality of research and to recognize research excellence. The recipients’ terms run from May to April.
Professor, Department of Electronics, Faculty of Engineering and Design
Project: Optical Fiber-Optic Sensor System for Aerospace Applications
A portable autonomous electronic system will be developed to read and re-transmit data from novel optical fiber sensors embedded into structures such as airplane wings, helicopter and wind turbine blades. The detection of laser light propagating in arrays of sensors will provide real-time information about the stresses and vibrations experienced by these structures with the purpose of ensuring their continuing integrity and improve their performance. Safer and more energy efficient systems will result.
Professor, Department of Environmental Science/Earth Science, Faculty of Science
Project: Effects of Heating on Contaminant Release in Aquifers Affected by Oil Sands Operations
In situ extraction from deep oil sands reservoirs involves the injection of steam to reduce the viscosity of the bitumen and facilitate pumping. An unintended consequence of steam injection is the heating of aquifers that and are penetrated by the steam wells, potentially releasing contaminants. This project will investigate the mechanisms of contaminant release and attenuation in an effort to inform industry and government and lead to appropriate mitigation strategies and regulation.
Professor, Department of Political Science, Faculty of Public Affairs
Project: Canada and Democracy Promotion in Central Europe 1945-1989
The research will investigate the evolution of Canada’s foreign relations with East European communist countries during the Cold War (1945-89). The research will explore the question of whether medium-sized states can play a role in promoting democratization in authoritarian states. Furthermore, the research will illuminate the extent to which East European communist countries were able to make foreign policy that was independent from the Soviet Union, the powerful state that led the East bloc.
Associate Professor, College of the Humanities, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Project: Arab Leadership in Late Antiquity
Ideas about Arab leadership are currently being challenged by Islamic State, through its claim that it alone can provide ‘true’ governance inspired by its concept of the early caliphate. In its ideological war against anything it deems sacrilegious, IS conceives such leadership as an element unique to the seventh century. This project questions these claims by examining a crucial phase in Middle Eastern history (325–700 CE), illuminating the importance of contemporary Romano-Persian political, religious, and cultural influences on the development of ancient Arab leadership.
Professor, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science
Project: The Evolutionary Ecology of Host Species Range
The proposed research is concerned with an understudied, recurring and important problem in parasite ecology. The problem is that host species’ range is extremely variable among parasite species. Briefly stated, some parasite species exploit one or a few host species, whereas others can exploit several to many host species, which are sometimes distantly related (e.g., mosquitoes and humans). My intention is to focus on the causes and consequences of host species range.
Professor, School of Linguistics and Language Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Project: An Atikamekw Dictionary for the Digital Age
Our goal is to complete an online multimedia dictionary of a Canadian Indigenous language called Atikamekw, with print versions and mobile apps that will serve as a tool for the maintenance and revitalization of this unique language, using a collaborative and participatory action research approach. In partnership with the Conseil de la Nation Atikamekw, this research falls within the broader objectives of training, collaboration and transmission of experience and knowledge among linguists and specialists of Canadian Aboriginal languages of the Algonquian language family.
Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Design
Project: A Study on Low-Temperature Performance of Lithium Ion Batteries
Jie Liu is leading research efforts in battery management system development. Compared to extensive research on battery high-temperature performance, very few research works have been reported in the literature on battery low-temperature performance analysis, which is an important aspect for battery applications in high latitude countries like Canada. This award will be used to conduct both numerical and experimental studies on the low-temperature performance of Li-ion batteries, and the findings of this research will provide a valuable knowledge base for the future development of appropriate battery heating systems.
José I. Rojas-Méndez
Professor, International Business & Marketing, Sprott School of Business
Project: Canada’s Brand Personality in Latin America – Implications for Competitiveness
The main objective of this study is to develop a valid and reliable scale for measuring Canada’s brand personality and its potential impacts in Latin America. The proposed study will advance the nation branding literature by uncovering the dimensions and/or facets that contribute to image effects, and it will provide a detailed understanding of how nation brand personality shapes the image of a whole country.
Professor, Department of Political Science/Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Faculty of Public Affairs/Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Project: The Production of Secrecy
Secrets and leaks are hot issues in politics today. Yet secrecy has rarely enjoyed the kind of theoretical attention bestowed on other key terms in politics, like sovereignty. As a result we lack an adequate framework to understand how state secrecy has changed historically, and the new forms it is taking today. Focusing on what I call the production of secrecy, my research seeks to generate analytics and case studies that will enhance our understanding of political concealment.
Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Project: Looking Back – The Power of Nostalgia to Facilitate Behavioural Change
An alarmingly low proportion of people living with addiction take the necessary steps to change their behaviour. Among problem drinkers, Dr. Wohl will examine the behavioural change utility of prompting nostalgic reverie for the life they lived before drinking entered their behavioural repertoire, compared to the traditional focus on a future without alcohol. The ultimate goal is to develop and translate new strategies for use in clinical practice.